Date,
Time MSK

01.06.2016



Afghanistanian-Russian Bilateral Trade in 2015


In 2015 Afghanistanian-Russian bilateral trade volume decreased by 64% and reached 153.1 million USD compared to 420.3 million USD in 2014.


Afghanistanian exports to Russia fell to 9.1 million USD (by 28%) while imports fell to 144 million USD (by 65%) (see Figure 1).



Figure 1. 2007-2015 Afghanistanian -Russian bilateral trade turnover, million USD. Source: ITC Trade Map.

Figure 1. 2007-2015 Afghanistanian -Russian bilateral trade turnover, million USD.png



Afghanistanian exports to Russia


Afghanistan primarily exports to Russia the following products (see Figure 2, Table 1):



In 2015 the imports of Afghanistanian made products in Russia experienced a significant fall. The imports of electrical, electronic equipment fell by 99%.



Figure 2. Structure of Afghanistanian Exports to Russia in 2015. Source: ITC Trade Map.

Figure 2. Structure of Afghanistanian Exports to Russia in 2015.png



Table 1. Key products exported from Afghanistan to Russia in 2015. Source: ITC Trade Map.


Product Type

Volume in 2014, USD thousand

Volume in 2015, USD thousand

Change in 2015, %

Share in total product imports, %

Tariff applied by Russia to Afghanistanian products

Edible fruit, nuts, peel of citrus fruit, melons

$11,168

$9,093

-19%

0.20

0

Vehicles other than railway, tramway

$0

$4

-

0.00

12.6

Optical, photo, technical, medical, etc apparatus

$93

$4

-96%

0.00

2.9

Printed books, newspapers, pictures etc

$0

$2

-

0.00

2.6

Electrical, electronic equipment

$141

$1

-99%

0.00

3.4




Russian exports to Afghanistan


In 2015 Russia has exported to Afghanistanian the following products (see Figure 3, Table 2):




2015 showed a significant rise in Russian exports to Afghanistan of articles of iron or steel (+31%). At the same time the exports of mineral fuels, oils, distillation products (-85%) showed a significant fall (see Table 2).



Figure 3. Structure of Russian Exports to Afghanistan in 2015. Source: ITC Trade Map.

Figure 3. Structure of Russian Exports to Afghanistan in 2015.png



Table 2. Key products exported from Russia to Afghanistan in 2015. Source: ITC Trade Map.


Product HS Code

Product Type

Volume in 2014, USD thousand

Volume in 2015, USD thousand

Change in 2015, %

Share in total product imports, %

27

Mineral fuels, oils, distillation products, etc

$233,113

$35,578

-85%

8.6

44

Wood and articles of wood, wood charcoal

$40,197

$34,499

-14%

5.3

15

Animal, vegetable fats and oils, cleavage products, etc

$29,883

$30,562

2%

2.3

72

Iron and steel

$76,908

$26,880

-65%

5

84

Machinery, nuclear reactors, boilers, etc

$11,005

$4,934

-55%

4.2

99

Commodities not elsewhere specified

$0

$2,692

-

-

34

Soaps, lubricants, waxes, candles, modelling pastes

$2,893

$2,244

-22%

5.2

87

Vehicles other than railway, tramway

$5,092

$1,868

-63%

16.9

85

Electrical, electronic equipment

$2,180

$1,138

-48%

6.1

36

Explosives, pyrotechnics, matches, pyrophorics, etc

$924

$1,039

12%

8.2

40

Rubber and articles thereof

$750

$762

2%

8

73

Articles of iron or steel

$404

$531

31%

2.8

90

Optical, photo, technical, medical, etc apparatus

$1,061

$486

-54%

4.9

30

Pharmaceutical products

$810

$359

-56%

2.5



Table 3 represents basic macroeconomic and foreign trade indicators for both countries.




Table 3. Macroeconomic Indicators for Russia and Afghanistan. Source: IMF World Economic Outlook Database, April 2015


Macroeconomic Indicator

Russia

Afghanistan

GDP in 2014, billion dollars

1,857.461

20.312

GDP in 2015, billion dollars

1,175.996

21.526

Inflation, average consumer prices, %

7.82

3.7

Volume of imported goods, billion dollars

282.6

2.7

Volume of exported goods, billion dollars

492.1

0.4

Population, millions

143.7

32.0


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